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      The Monadnock Nature Almanac is a monthly bulletin board of natural history activity in the southern New Hampshire

      Monadnock region, a mixed transitional forest upland of gentle hills, rivers, streams, and lakes located in Cheshire and

      Hillsborough counties. Covering approximately 800 square miles, it ranges in general elevation from 400 to 1200 feet  

      above sea level. Numerous peaks exceed 1400 feet, the highest of which,  Mount Monadnock, rises to 3165 feet. 




                                          "In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks." ......  John Muir








                                        Subscribers are encouraged to submit their sightings, observations, and comments for inclusion

                                        in the Monadnock Nature Almanac's Nature Notes.  Submit to  brimstone108@myfairpoint.net. 

                                        Please include name and town.



    May , .............       " We think of this as the time of spring flowers, fruit blossoms, lilacs. Actually, it is the time of leaves,

                                    the time of the countless greens which have not yet settled and matured into the standard green of

                                    summer. This is the time when there is a whole new spectrum of green across the land, when the 

                                    whole world is dappled and misted as with a gently drifting haze whose color ranges from greenish 

                                    yellow to greenish blue.  Green, the color of growth, of surgent life, enwraps the land. New green,

                                    which will merge as the weeks pass, the summer comes, into a canopy of shape of busy chlorophyll."                              

                                        .......   Hal Borland,  Sundial of the Seasons


     May 1, ............      I hiked out to a beaver pond in Wildcat Hollow, nearly stepping on a woodcock along the way. There

                                    is a heron nest at the pond, fairly small, so it probably hasn't been there for more than a year or so. I

                                    didn't notice it last year. There was one heron perched beside it, but I didn't see any sign of a mate

                                    while I was there.  .....  Terry McMahon, Stoddard


     May 1, ............      Walking along our dirt road at night I saw dozens of firefly larvae glowing in the dark on the ground.

                                     .... Tricia Saenger, Temple


     May 5, ............      News from the invertebrate front:  bird forum users are now reporting First of Year (FOY)  migratory

                                    birds.  I hereby report my FOY blackfly. Also, I have already picked 4 dog ticks myself and one off the

                                    dog, which seems like a lot for this  early in the year.  About a week ago, I saw a tiny millipede in my

                                    bathroom sink" less than a millimeter in diameter and a centimeter in length. How did it get there ?  I

                                    doubt that it crawled up from the floor because it was helplessly trapped in the sink, tapping its tiny

                                    antennae frantically on the porcelain. Did it come up the drain ? Anyway, I scoop[ed it up and put it

                                    outdoors. I've seen the opposite extreme in millipede size, the giant ones found in the west Texas

                                    desert, which are as fat as a human little finger and up to 5 inches long. Regardless of size, millipedes

                                    are harmless vegetarians which do not bite or sting (unlike some centipedes, another type of myriapod),

                                    although some emit noxious chemicals when threatened by predators. Some people keep the large

                                    ones as pets. I can't remember when arthropods (a large and successful phylum of joint-legged animals

                                    including insects, spiders, crustaceans, myriapods, etc. )  were thought to be related to and descended

                                    from annelid worms, but today they are regarded as part of the Ecdysozoa, a group  characterized by                                 

                                    an external cuticle which is shed during growth, and their best-known companions in that group are

                                    nematodes, or roundworms. Some may recall that ecdysiast is a fancy name for a strip-tease artist. 

                                    Ticks are not insects, but arachnids (the class including spiders, scorpions, etc. ) However, being

                                    arthropods, they are deterred somewhat by insect repellents like DEET. Crustaceans (which include

                                     familiar crabs & lobsters) are harmed by insecticides which enter the water in which they live. Most

                                     crustaceans are marine, but sowbugs (=pillbugs=woodlice, found in damp places, like woodpiles) are

                                     terrestrial crustaceans. People in the Western world think nothing of eating crustaceans, but few eat

                                     insects, although millions of people in other lands find them nutritious and tasty. Certainly birds do;

                                     many species would become extinct without arthropods to eat.  .... Bruce Boyer, Jaffrey


     May 8, ............      I believe nest-building is now completed by the blue jays. On, May 3, as I sat in the woods bordering

                                    Hancock's Norway Pond (as is my wont), I noticed two jays attacking a red squirrel. Up and down and

                                    around a large Hemlock, the squirrel barely kept ahead of the swooping birds. I thought about a nest                                                                       

                                    Two hours later I returned to the strafing site to observe both birds nest-building. I was only 30 feet

                                    away, although partially obscured. I was surprised at their relative unwariness; normally jays are very

                                    secretive near home. This nest is about 30 feet high, well away from the trunk, and nearly over the

                                    water. On may 7 I actually saw them mating. Another first.  ..... Neal Clark, Hancock


     May 8, ............      Alerted by a clucking sound this evening, I looked outside and beheld a tom Wild Turkey displaying

                                    to a couple of females in my back yard. He would walk around with his tail fanned out, sometimes                   

                                    moving sideways like a crab in an attempt to sneak close to one of them. Occasionally he would put

                                    down his tail and stamp the ground with his feet. A few time he got very close to one and charged her,

                                    but she fled.Finally the trio left and returned to the woods. I then watched a video of Wild Turkeys

                                    mating and realized that the foot stamping pose was not an expression of male frustration, but sort

                                    of an exact rehearsal of the penultimate phase of mating, just before the actual fertilization, when the

                                    male climbs onto the female's back and stomps his poor partner with his feet.  ..... Bruce Boyer, Jaffrey


     May 9, ............      A great blue heron visited our little pond this morning. Except that it wasn't blue. It had the yellow bill and

                                    legs of a white morph, the black head stripes of a great blue, and a pale blue-gray body and a pale tan

                                    neck. It caught what appeared to be a horned pout, instead of swallowing the fish right away, the heron

                                    carried it to shore, dropped it and pecked at it, then picked it up and turned it various ways, then dropped

                                    it again. The heron did this several times before swallowing the fish. I suppose it was getting rid of the

                                    spines so they wouldn't catch in its throat.  .....  Terry McMahon,  Stoddard


     May 9, ............      We're still hearing woodcocks in the evening, a little more than a month after their first calling of the season

                                     in Temple.   ..... Tricia Saenger, Temple.


     May 9, ............      Bushwhacking down from the Spur Trail on the south end of the Bald Mountain ridge, I was stopped in my

                                    tracks by something heavy startled up from the underbrush about twenty yards off. There was a crashing

                                    and smashing like a moose wading through a beaver lodge, but I couldn't see a thing - not a leaf moved.

                                    A moment later, a black form the size of a Scottish terrier went shooting up to the top of a full-size white

                                    birch in about six seconds flat - this year's bear cub, already pretty nimble. At the tip-top he turned his

                                    head 180 degrees twice, back and forth, surveying the situation, then began backing down, more slowly

                                    this time. The mother was close by: after searching for a few seconds with binoculars, I found her looking

                                    out at me from a hole in the undergrowth, her face framed all around as by a snug-fitting green bonnet, the

                                    rest of her invisible. Maybe I ought to have retreated straightaway, but I whistled a little tune in a major key

                                    instead. When the cub was safely down, the two of them made their way along the slope away from me,

                                    unhurried, the mother bear in the lead and the terrier right on her heels. .... Henry Walters, Willard Pond, Hancock


     May 10, ..........      New Chesterfield Gorge Kiosk  -   The Friends of Pisgah  and the Chesterfield Conservation Commission

                                    unveiled a new  Chesterfield Trails Kiosk at the Gorge on Route 9 in Chesterfield. The event, including 

                                    refreshments and brief remarks, was followed by an informational walk down into the Gorge guided by

                                    the folks from Friends of the Gorge. Well worth a visit, a beautiful spot. Be sure to check out the Chesterfield

                                    Conservation Commission, website Chesterfield Outdoors (http://www.chesterfieldoutdoors.com for events

                                    and other trails and attractions in the area.  ....... CS


      May 11, .........      The moles are back !  My front lawn is pock-marked with several small piles of dark brown soil. The piles

                                     are round, vary in size fro 6 inches to a foot in diameter, and are about 4 to 6 inches in height.  In my side

                                     yard there are no dirt piles, but there are several clearly apparent tunnel trails from the moles. The trails

                                     don't break the surface and in some spots are over 6 - 10 feet in length.  I'm wondering why the dirt piles 

                                     are in the front lawn and the burrow trails, but no dirt piles in the side lawn ?  Any thoughts as to why this

                                     may be ?   .....  Steve Harris, Hillsborough

                                          The only variable that I can think of is a difference in soil depth over the bedrock (or ledge, as it is

                                          called here in NH). But why they would push soil up in one spot and not in another is a mystery to

                                          me.  Any thoughts out there ?


      May 12, .........      Bobolinks are back in force in a large, nearby field.  A full chorus of American toads at MacDowell Reservoir 

                                    in Peterborough, .... and saw a large bobcat  cross a yard in the middle of the afternoon in Mont Vernon.

                                     ..... Tricia Saenger, Temple 


      May 13, .........     By now, vernal pools in all parts of the Monadnock Region are brimming with spotted salamander eggs,

                                   newly hatched wood frog tadpoles are busy eating algae  and impersonating pine needles, and the bulk of

                                   both the inbound and outbound spring amphibian migrations has come to a close. All should still exercise

                                   continued vigilance on rainy nights in behalf of our four-footed friends.  Please remember to drive

                                   carefully on roads near water this spring and summer - American toads and gray tree frogs have only

                                   just begun their spring movement, other warm-weather frogs will be out and about on rainy nights all

                                   summer long, and turtles will be crossing roads in search of nesting sites from late May through early July.

                                   Turtles are especially vulnerable to road mortality, so if its safe, consider pulling over to lend a hand to

                                   turtles in the road. (see May 18 item for a video with several excellent suggestions for assisting turtles).

                                   This spring Salamander Crossing volunteers collectively saved a record-breaking, jaw-dropping 4,875

                                    from the crush of the tire, bringing our seven year total to almost 20,000 critters. Volunteers also

                                    discovered six previously-unknown crossing sites. Every day, the news is filled with so many stories

                                    of environmental catastrophe that it can be hard to feel hopeful. But what we did out there on the dark,

                                    wet streets of New Hampshire this spring was an antidote to hopelessness.  .... Brett Amy Thelen, Keene 


      May 18, .........     Yesterday I saw a fairly large Snapping Turtle which wanted to cross Route 137. It would actually cringe

                                    every time a car drove by. I used to pick turtles up by the tail, but experts now advise against that,

                                    because it can dislocate the animals spine. So I tried a method recommended on a You Tube video, in

                                    which you grip the back edge of top shell. This failed miserably; the turtle was too heavy and writhed 

                                    and kicked, causing me to lose my grip I then went to the car and got the small snow shovel I keep there,

                                    and tried to scoop the turtle with that (a method which has worked for me before), but the critter crawled 

                                    off the shovel, turned, and made its way back toward its home pond. I do recommend that people look 

                                    at the video for ideas about moving turtles safely. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lgd_B6iKPxU) 

                                     ..... Bruce Boyer, Jaffrey 


      May 18, .........      Saw my first dragonfly of the year - a common green darner in Hancock at Norway Pond, but just the one.

                                    Dragonflies are a bit behind schedule this year throughout the state judging by the chatter from the NH

                                    dragonfly survey people. ... and a scarlet tanager near our house in Temple.  Beautiful  .... Tricia Saenger, Temple


      May 19, ..........     Yesterday I was walking out in the yard in back of my home and heard a buzzing sound coming from one

                                     our several crab apple trees. Walking over I was pleasantly surprised to note that the sound was coming 

                                     from at least 50 or 60 large black bumble bees, the larger black variety.  I do not remember noticing this 

                                     last spring when the trees were in also in blossom. Unfortunately, as hard as I looked , I could not find

                                     a single honey bee among the insects working the flowers.  I'm assuming that the lack of honeybees is a

                                     result of the problems this species has been having all over the county in recent years. ..... Ed Steele, Keene


      May 19, ..........      Yes, Mothers Day is past, but for those days when even your two kids seem like too many, take heart.

                                     (https://flic.kr/p/nogMtU)    ..... John Patterson, Peterborough


      May 20, ..........     Saw several odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) at the Temple - New Ipswich town line. Two springtime

                                    darners, a common green darner, a few aurora damselflies, and several beaverpond baskettails. Still not

                                    to many dragonflies out and about around Temple.  .... Tricia Saenger, Temple


      May 23, ..........     "The wood is decked in light green leaf.

                                      The swallow twitters in delight.

                                      The lonely vine sheds joyous tears

                                      of interwoven dew and light.

                                      Spring weaves a gown of green to clad

                                      the mountain height and wide-spread field.

                                      O when wilt thou  my native land,

                                      in all glory stand revealed ?"

                                          Ilia Chavchavadze, "Spring"

                                          Submitted by Ellen taylor, Rindge


      May 23, ..........     Goodhue Hill, on the east side of Willard Pond, is undergoing a rebirth of sorts.  A large patch-cut was

                                    carried out in an old orchard atop the hill just two years ago, but already the early successional habitat is

                                    thick with bluebirds, tree swallows, ruffed grouse, common yellowthroats, chestnut-sided warblers, and

                                    indigo buntings. Plenty of moose sign is in evidence. A walk up the hill with Phil Brown this morning also

                                    brought the eerily hollow notes of a black-billed cuckoo calling to us out of the fog. It was calling again

                                    two days later from a similar spot. Swimming through the flowering cherry saplings near the old logging

                                    trail, I came within a tail-feather of crushing a white-throated sparrow on her nest. She flushed and I froze

                                    with foot raised, just in time, Four speckled, olivey eggs sat in a tiny whorl of grass right on the ground,

                                    covered by a little lid of weeds. As I peeked in. the alarm call of the mother came loud and clear over my

                                    shoulder, a single sharp note every few seconds. Is there any outrage more laconic than the sparrow's?

                                       .....   Henry Walters, Willard Pond, Hancock

                                      Henry's posts this month serves as an opportunity to remind MNA readers of the Young Birders Club:

                                      The Harriers. The group is an organization for youngsters under the age of 18 who are interested in the

                                      region's natural history and participating in the fascinating world of birding.  For additional information

                                      about the group, membership, and its activities, visit the Harrier's website at http://nhyoungbirders.org/

                                      or contact Henry Walters at 178 Willard Pond Road, Hancock, NH 03449 or (603) 525-3572


                                       Information about the NH Audubon Willard Pond Sanctuary  (http://en.wikipedia.org/Willard_Pond)


      May 26, ..........     Chalk-fronted corporals have appeared on my deck, far from any water bodies. By the beginning of June

                                    there are approximately 70 species of dragonflies/damselflies that are out in NH so the number of odonta

                                    you may see increases dramatically towards the end of May.  ...... Tricia Saenger, Temple


       May 27, ..........    Don't know when it hatched out, but it hasn't been long. (https://flic.kr/p/nL9XCC

                                      .... John Patterson, Peterborough


       May 27, ...........   "Black Bears and Bird Feeders: Is the Public Even Listening" - "For decades, Fish and Game has spread

                                    the word through their "Something's Bruin" public awareness campaign . It's a pretty simple message

                                    really. Come springtime, put the feeders away. Clean up the spilled seed. Secure your birdseed inside.

                                    Keep you garbage in the garage at night. Don't leave anything outside that might attract a hungry bear

                                    that's waking up after a long winter's sleep. The subtext of the message is "a fed bear is a dead bear."

                                    When black bears become habituated to finding their food from bird feeders and other human sources,

                                    they become bolder. What was once a majestic wild black bear becomes dependent upon human food

                                    sources and develops into a nuisance that's unafraid of people and ever more emboldened in its quest

                                    for food. Ultimately the emboldened behavior and habits can end in the bear's demise, either being

                                    shot by an angry landowner or by Fish and Game.  As much as you love the birds, they'll do just fine

                                    without the bird seed. Put the feeders back up in the winter when the bears are asleep. Till then, do

                                    your part to keep our black bears wild."    .....  Eric Aldrich, Hancock ,  excerpted from The Monadnock Ledger- 

                                     Transcript, May 27, 2014.

                                        Well worth taking the time to search out the entire column in the May 27th Transcript. And be sure to

                                    follow Eric's regular Ledger-Transcript column the "Bobcat's Tail."  Always an interesting and informative

                                    comment on regional natural history and environmentally related topics.  .... CS                


       May 28, ............  So many articles, so little time  -  An abundance of excellent regional natural history related material

                                    this month.  Well worth searching out at your local library. Membership in these organizations and

                                    the accompanying magazine subscriptions are well worth considering as birthday and/or holiday gift

                                    giving ideas. ......  Only 208 more shopping days to Christmas ! 


                                      -  The Other Foliage Season: Ephemeral Leaves and Flowers Reward Those Who Look Closely,  Dave

                                          Anderson,  Forest Notes, SPNHF quarterly magazine, Spring 2014


                                      -  Bashful Blandings: New Hampshire provides regionally important habitat for the state endangered

                                         Blanding's turtle,  Mike Marchand,  New Hampshire Wildlife Journal, NH Fish and Game magazine.



                                      -  Karner Blue Butterfly: A Flighty Jewel With Special Habitat Needs, Judy Silverberg, New Hampshire

                                         Wildlife Journal, NH Fish and Game magazine, May/June.


                                      -  The Pisgah Forest: Harvard's Living Laboratory, David Foster, Northern Woodlands Magazine,

                                          Spring 2014 issue


                                      -  Bear Families in the Spring, Susan C. Morse, Northern Woodlands Magazine, Spring 2014 issue.


                                      -  Live Weird, Die Young: The Virginia Opossum, Kendrick Vezina, The Outside Story, Northern

                                         Woodlands Magazine, Spring 2014 issue.


                                      -  Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum), Virginia Barlow, Northern Woodlands Magazine, Spring 2014





         MONADNOCK MUSINGS                            



                                                                                 The Natural Mystery of Owling - Neal Clark                                                         



                                              In the 18th century, an owler was a smuggler of sheep or wool from England to France. A few years

                                         later a person who sat up all night, now called a night owl.  But an owler today is a daring birder who  

                                         stalks nocturnally. Members of this spirited breed often go alone, either because they prefer doing it

                                         solo, or because everyone else is sleeping; there aren't many folks who enjoy standing around gloomy

                                         woods listening for somber owl hoots. 


                                                 Night-owling isn't for everyone. It takes nerve, But those who brave the obscure world of darkness

                                         discover that their senses are better than expected; acute enough to distinguish a barred owl from a 

                                         barking dog at a mile; acute enough to tell a screech owl from a big brown bat coursing through a 

                                         lifeless cemetery; and acute enough to feel a great horned owl's commanding presence. 


                                              Thoreau, while at Walden Pond, "... rejoiced that there are owls. Let them do the idiotic and maniacal

                                         hooting for men. It is a sound admirably suited for swamps and twilight woods which no day illustrates,

                                         suggesting a vast and undeveloped nature which men have not recognized."  The night world is a

                                         different world, still unexplored and unknown. It's a realm of heavy odors, vague shapes, and penetrating

                                         noises. As Ambrose Bierce wrote in one of his weird tales,  "The very silence has another quality than the

                                         silence of the day. And it is full of half-heard whispers - whispers that startle - ghosts of sounds long dead."


                                                  Winter nights, however, with a full moon shining on snow, seem almost as bright as day. A trip to a

                                         snowy pasture at such a time is like sand dunes at dawn: the sky is inky blue, the moon is a squinting

                                         white, and the waves of new snow sparkle like mounds of sand. The whirring of the wind through the

                                         surrounding pines recalls the sound of a spent wave receding at the beach. 


                                                   Late winter to early spring is the season to go owling because the birds are courting, mating, and                     

                                         at their loudest. Any time after sunset can be fruitful, although a study revealed that a majority of screech

                                         owls were attracted after 3 AM.  The best plan for successful night-owling is to start during daylight.

                                         Comb areas where owls have been reported recently, looking for pellets under big trees. They show up

                                         well on snow.  Scan tree trunks and limbs for whitewashing by the bird's feces, and be alert for song-

                                         birds squawking.


                                                   Along with nerve, owling takes patience. As Julio de la Torre says, "For every owl I've seen, I'll hear

                                         about ten."  Many nights out are needed to even hear anything, but every night prowl is an adventure

                                         that few people experience. I've often spent several consecutive nights in vain, hooting and hoping for

                                         hours, only to sulk homeward to the stereo to play the owl's greatest hits. But a strange compulsion grips

                                         me time and again, forcing me to return. The reward of finding owls comes only to those who wait.


                                                  Anyone wanting to participate should wear warm, dark clothing to provide comfort while standing

                                         around and to reduce conspicuousness. Carry a flashlight, but use it sparingly as wildlife is extremely

                                         sensitive to light at night. Besides, as tests have proven, humans can, with practice, see better in the

                                         blackness than a bear can, and almost as well as a cat. (Our night vision however pales in comparison

                                         to that of owls).  Within a half-hour our eyes adjust to the dark, which is rarely pitch black.  Optional

                                         equipment includes a compass and binoculars - the glasses help to zoom in and gather more available

                                         starlight bounced off water and snow.  An owler should also inform police and landowners of their plans;

                                         night-owlers don't cherish being mistaken for night-prowlers.


                                                  Instead of roaming winter woods trying to flush out the owls, it' a good idea to let them come to you.

                                         Sit on a hilltop or the edge of a woodlot and be still. Get out the thermos of hot stuff and relax. (Owling

                                         is supposed to be fun after all.) Some owlers play recorded hoots to attract birds even closer, Barn,

                                         screech, and great horned owls are especially curious and respond vocally to mimicked hooting.

                                         Owlers using tapes - considered to be cheating by some fellow birders - generally start with the call of

                                         a small owl and work up to the great horned; if they began with a big owl, the smaller species would be

                                         afraid to reply.  The using of tapes to lure owls should be kept to a minimum, however, for it interferes

                                         with their hunting schedules.


                                                Nighttime without owls would render the woods too quiet, too safe. It does us good to go out there

                                          and get goose pimples at the sound of the first hoot.  Then we know that we're really living, not just         

                                          crossing off dull days on the calendar. There's plenty for everyone to learn about the night, and with

                                          more than half the world's creatures active nocturnally, only those persons who sit up with the owls

                                          can become complete naturalists. 


                                                   Excerpted, with permission, from Neal Clark's "Eastern Birds of Prey". Check out Neal's two

                                             books;   Eastern Birds of Prey and Birds on the Move.




   MONADNOCK SKIES -  June 2014 



       June, .........            Late Spring Skies -                                                         


       June, .............        The Planets This Month  -  Jupiter continues to be visible in  the evening night sky. Early in the

                                          month it sets about three hours after sunset. By month's end it sets an hour after sunset. Look for the

                                          giant planet, shining at a brilliant - 2.0  magnitude in the constellation Gemini.  Look for it below Castor

                                          and Pollux, the twin stars of Gemini.  It remains nicely placed for evening naked eye or telescopic

                                          viewing. Skywatchers still have a great opportunity to observe its disc, its prominent cloud belts,  

                                          and four of its larger, and easily seen, Galilean satellites through binoculars and small telescopes. An

                                          interesting side note: Jupiter's well know "Great Red Spot" a huge atmospheric cyclonic storm, which

                                          has been a prominent feature of the planet for over a hundred years, seems to be growing smaller in

                                          recent years. Although currently still larger than the Earth, it has diminished steadily in size from about

                                          14,000 miles in diameter to its current 10,000 mile size. The "Spot" is visible in moderately sized scopes.                                         

                                          Many local libraries in the Monadnock region have small telescopes available for checkout by patrons,

                                          courtesy of the NH Astronomical Society's Library Telescope Program.  Mars, shining at magnitude                                        . 

                                  is still in the evening sky, visible in the constellation Virgo.  Shining at magnitude - 1.2 to - 0.5 it is near

                                          the Meridian in the southern sky around 9 PM very early in the month. Saturn is also still visible in June,

                                          found in the constellation Libra to the east of Mars low in the southeast. Venus is still visible low in the

                                          east to ENE pre-dawn morning sky.                                          


      June 2, ...........       Bright International Space Station Passage -  Weather permitting, Monadnock skywatchers can

                                          view a bright ISS passage across our sky tonight.  Begin watching in the WSW at a few minutes before

                                          10:42 PM. The ISS will appear as a starlike object low in the sky and gradually increase in altitude and

                                           brightness.  It will reach a maximum altitude of 65 degrees in the ENE bout 3 minutes later at 10:45 PM.

                                           At that point, as it passes almost directly through the center of the Big Dipper, its maximum brightness

                                           will be - 2.9,  by far outshining any star in the sky. The ISS will then slowly move lower in the sky,

                                           disappearing in the NE at about 10:49 PM. (Unlike last month, in June the International Space Station's

                                           orbital configuration provides us with several chances to observe it in the coming weeks. Please check

                                           the Heavens Above website for a complete listing of all of these passages, both evening and morning)


       June 3, ............         Second Bright ISS Passage -  Tonight, again weather permitting, we will have a chance to view an

                                           even brighter and higher ISS passage in the evening sky.  Begin viewing near the horizon in the SW 

                                           a minute or two before the ISS scheduled appearance at 9:53 PM. The ISS should present itself as a 

                                           starlike object about 10 degrees above the horizon. It will then gradually rise, passing near Mars in 

                                           the SW as it moves toward its maximum altitude of 76 degrees, skirting near Arcturus, at 9:57 PM. The 

                                           ISS, after reaching its maximum altitude and brightness (magnitude - 3.4), will then head toward the 

                                           ENE horizon, just missing the star Vega, before winking out around 10:01 PM.  Sky maps showing the 

                                           exact path of the ISS across our sky are available on the Heavens Above website.  Just click on the

                                           date of the passage.                             


       June  5, ...........         First Quarter Moon


       June 13, ...........        Full Moon -  The Full Strawberry Moon -  This name was universal to every Algonquin tribe. The 

                                           relatively short harvesting season for strawberries come each year in June.  In England the June full

                                           moon is known as the Rose Moon.                                    


       June 15, ...........        Lyrids Meteor Shower - A relatively minor shower which will be pretty much washed out by a just

                                           passed full moon.  Some possible meteors will be visible late on the night of the 15th, into the early

                                           morning hours of the 16th.


       June 19, ...........        Last Quarter Moon


      June 21, ...........        Summer Solstice -  Today marks the first "official" day of the summer season.  At 6:51 AM EDT the

                                           sun will reach its highest elevation in the northern hemisphere's noontime sky. At this point it "pauses" 

                                           before beginning its southward trip, lowering its noontime elevation each day until it reaches its lowest

                                           altitude in December at the Winter Solstice.  The word "solstice" is derived from two Latin words "sol"

                                           (sun) and "stitium" (to stop) reflecting the pause in the northward movement at noon. Today generally

                                           marks the longest daylight period and shortest night here at the mid-latitudes.  Today, the sun will be

                                           directly overhead at 23 1/2 degrees north latitude (Tropic of Cancer).  Hawaii is the only US state in

                                           which the sun reaches this position during the year.  Key West, Florida just misses since its latitude is

                                           24 1/2 degrees north latitude.  Many still incorrectly equate our warmer summertime temperatures

                                           with our distance from the sun. (Incidentally,  a view held by some 50% of Harvard graduates in a poll 

                                           taken some years ago. Shocking, but not early as bad as the 40% of University of Miami seniors who

                                           could not point out Florida on a blank state outline map of the US several years ago .... but I digress.....)  

                                   The truth is exactly the opposite. Our seasonal temperature changes are caused by the earth's axial tilt,

                                            not our distance from the sun.  In actuality, we are at our greatest distance from the sun in July, some

                                            3 million miles more distant than in January.  


      June 27, ...........        New Moon








                                The Natural History Events Calendar lists activities, walks, classes, and programs in, and within 

                                    reasonable driving distance of,  the Monadnock region.  Organizations are encouraged to list their

                                    events that are open to members and non-members alike. Events must be submitted before the

                                    end of the month preceding the one in which the events are scheduled.



      June 1, ..........   MacDowell Lake Open - The US Army Corps of Engineers has announced that MacDowell Lake in

                                  Peterborough has officially opened for the season.  The facility offers a variety of recreational facilities

                                  as well as multiple nature trails and interpretive programs led by park rangers each Saturday and

                                  Sunday. Interpretive exhibits are located in the main office. For more information:  (603) 924-3431 


      June 3, ..........    Environmental Studies Institute - The Art and Science of Nature Journals  - Immerse yourself

                                   in June's heady green with pen and paper, and start your own nature journal. We'll take inspiration from

                                   nature writers and illustrators, and let our observations direct our inquiry to the forests, fields, plants

                                   and animals surrounding the Harris Center. Bring something to sit on outside, and pencils, paper, cameras,

                                   or colored pencils - whatever's your fancy. No experience necessary. This is a class for exploring our

                                   skills.  Will meet from 10 AM to noon on June 3, 10, 17 and 24 at the harries Center and local field sites. Cost

                                   $48 for Harris Center members and $60 for non-members.  Instructor Cynthia Nichols is a local naturalist  

                            and teacher. To register, please contact Sara LeFebvre at 525-3394 or lefebvre@harriscenter.org


     June 3, ...........   Project Nighthawk Volunteer Training - To assess the status of Keene's breeding nighthawk population,

                             the Harris Center and New Hampshire Audubon are once again coordinating volunteer nighthawk surveys

                                   on summer evenings in Keene.  To become a Project Nighthawk volunteer, or to simple learn more about

                                   this charismatic endangered bird, join us for this training on Tuesday June 3 at 7 to 8:30 PM at the Putnam

                            Science Center (Room 101) at Keene State College. We'll be indoors and then venture outside to look and

                                   listen for nighthawks in the evening sky. For more information. contact Brett Amy Thelen at 358-2065 or



     June 4, ...........   Herrick's Cove, Connecticut River Paddle - Herrick's Cove offers a pleasant day of paddling through

                                   extraordinary marshes and coves, favorite areas for bird watchers, especially during spring and ]fall 

                                   migrations. Expected sightings include muskrat, beaver, kingfisher, osprey, bald eagle, and songbirds 

                                   filling the alder, dogwood, and willow trees.  The trip will take us up-river to Roundy's Cove on the 

                                   Vermont side, and the meanders of the Great Meadows on the NH side.We'll check out the rumors of a

                                   bald eagle nesting on the Vermont shore opposite the Great Meadows inlet. We'll meet at 9:30 AM  in the

                                   Hannaford's parking lot on Putney Road in Brattleboro, to car and boat pool. Paddlers coming from the

                                   north are welcome to meet us at the Herrick's Cove ramp/picnic area off Rt. 5, near Exit 6, I 91 at 10 AM. 

                                   The river water will still be cool: dress accordingly. We'll be lunching while paddling back with that in

                                   mind.  Brattleboro Outing Club program. 


     June 4, ...........   Hidden History of the Hay Estate - Newbury - Part I - The Society for the Protection of New

                                   Hampshire Forests and the Fells Historic Estate and Gardens are co-sponsoring two historic walks this

                                   month called "The Hidden History of the Hay Estate. The first will examine evidence suggesting what the

                                   Hay estate was like during the era of Clarence L. Hay. Both walks will be guided by Dave Anderson, the

                                   Director of Education for SPNHF. 4 PM to 6 PM. Cost $5 for each walk. To register or more information

                                   call (603) 763-4789 Ext 3. The walks begin at the Fells Welcome Kiosk in Newbury. 


     June 5, ...........   Counting Bats for Conservation -  In the face of White-nose Syndrome which is decimating bat

                                   populations throughout the northeast, NH Fish and Game is looking for volunteers to help keep track of

                                   NH bats by conducting "emergence counts" at bat roosts throughout the state. Join biologists Cynthia

                                   Nichols and Laura Deming for a night of bat counting at a barn near the Harris Center to learn how you

                                   can participate in this important citizen science project. The training is free, but space is limited and

                                   registration is required. For more information, or to register, contact Brett Amy Thelen at  (603) 358-2065

                                   or thelen@harriscenter.org.  Program co-sponsored by the Harris Center,  NH Audubon, NH Fish and

                                   Game and the US Fish and Wildlife Service.  7:30 to 9 PM at the Harris Center in Hancock.


     June 7, ..........   Pisgah State Park Bird Walk -  State officials Inge Seaboyer from the Division of Forests and Lands, 

                                  Forest Management Bureau,  Jim Oehler, a state lands biologist from NH Fish and Game, and Steve

                                  Roberge a Cheshire County extension forester will lead the birding walk.  Participants will meet outside

                                  the Pisgah State Park headquarters at 520 Old Chesterfield Road in Winchester at 6:45 AM. The walk

                                  will focus on the first state timber sale area. Carpooling from Headquarters to Jon Hill Road will depart

                                  at 7 AM. The walk will occur rain or shine. For more information contact Inge Seaboyer at 464-3453 or



    June 7, ...........    Distant Hill Gardens - Fern Walk -  Lionel Shute, District Manager, Sullivan County Conservation

                                   District will lead a Fern Walk in the woods of Distant Hill Gardens. Participants will learn how to identify

                                   many of the native ferns and which species might do well under cultivation in your own garden. 10 AM

                                   Distant Hill Gardens in Walpole. Part of the Open Garden Saturdays Program at Distant Hill.  10 AM. This

                                   year Distant Hill is requesting a $5 donation to help defray the cost of these programs. Directions: take

                                   Walpole valley Road left off of Rt 12A in Walpole. Then 2 miles to March Hill Road. Left for 1/4 mile to 507

                                   March Hill Road. Driveway on the right.

                                       Check out the Distant Hill Gardens website, their available trails and Open garden Saturdays Program

                                   of Walks and Talks at http://www.distanthillgardens.org/about-distant-hill/ 


     June 8, ............   Willard Pond Bird Walk -  Join Sanctuary Steward Henry Walters for a moderately strenuous 3.5 mile

                                    hike through the old sanctuary orchard following the ridgeline south from Bald Mountain. We'll monitor

                                    the post orchard successional growth, along whose edges we may find singing Eastern Towhees,

                                    Eastern Bluebirds,  Nashville Warblers and perhaps a Ruffed Grouse. Meet at 9 AM in the parking lot

                                    at the end of Willard Pond Road. Back by noon.  For more information, contact Henry at (603) 525-3572

                                    or walters.henry@gmail.com  Harris Center Program.


      June 10, ..........   ESI - The Art and Science of Nature Journals - Session II -  10 AM to noon. The Harris Center.


     June 11, ...........  Pisgah Reservoir, Winchester, NH Paddle -  Road conditions precluded this trip last year so we'll

                                    try again. This pristine mountain lake requires a steep half mile, 30 minute, carry-in, but it's worth it.

                                    Bring boat wheels if you have them. We'll meet at the new Wal-Mart in Hinsdale, NH at 10 AM to car/boat

                                    pool, before driving east on Rt 119 to Reservation Road. From this intersection, it's about a mile and a

                                    half drive up a dirt road to the parking area (ruts and mud during wet weather can make passage difficult

                                    for low clearance, or non 4WD vehicles). This is a trip for "light" boats, but we'll all help each other to the

                                    put-in. Pisgah is a well protected, gorgeous body of water. offering many islands, deep inlets and hidden

                                    coves to explore. There are more than 5 miles of shoreline to paddle, and the water is deep, clear, and

                                    unspoiled, also cool. Bring something warm to drink. Brattleboro Outing Club program.


     June 16, ..........   Mountain Laurel Walk -  Naturalist Roger Haydock will lead us through Madame Sherri Forest (in NH)

                                    to Indian Pond which is ringed with Mountain Laurel. Directions from Brattleboro: cross into NH on Rt. 9.

                                    Take the first right (Mountain Road), then the first left (Gulf Road). The parking area will be about 2 miles

                                    on the right. There's also a kiosk for Madame Sherri.  6 PM.  Southeastern Vermont Audubon program.  


     June 17, ..........  ESI - The Art and Science of Nature Journals - Session III - 10 AM to noon. The Harris Center.


     June 17, ...........  Vermont Rattlesnakes - Join Doug Blodgett, Wildlife Biologist with the Vermont Fish and Wildlife

                                    Department for a talk at the Brook's Memorial Library in Brattleboro, Vt.  Doug has worked extensively

                                    on game and non-game management programs. He was the leader of the Vermont Wild Turkey Project

                                    team, and assisted on the black bear, deer, moose, furbearer, and peregrine falcon research projects. 

                                    Most recently, Doug's professional interest has focused on reptiles, and most specifically, rare snake

                                    research in Vermont.  Southeastern Vermont Audubon Society program.  


      June 17, ...........  River Runners Volunteer Training -  Help protect your favorite rivers and streams by learning how

                                    to identify and monitor invasive aquatic plants with the New Hampshire Rivers Council's River Runners

                                    citizen science project. Conservation commission members, budding citizen scientists, anglers, paddlers,

                                    and anyone else who is interested in our local rivers are all encouraged to attend. Volunteers are asked

                                    to monitor at least one site at least one time between June and October. 6:30 - 8:30 PM at the Harris

                                    Center in Hancock. The workshop is free but registration is required. For more information or to register,

                                    please conract the Rivers Copuncil at info@nhrivers.org  or (603) 228-6472.


      June 18, ...........  Hidden History of the Hay Estate - Part II -  participants in this second of two walks at the Hay

                                    Estate will discover how the Hay family and workers on the estate experienced the Fells from evidence

                                    and artifacts that are hidden in plain sight. Guided by Dave Anderson, Director of Education for SPNHF,

                                    the walk will cover about 1.5 miles. Cost $5.  Attendance for part II not contingent on participation in part I.

                                    Tour will run from 4 PM to 6 PM and will begin at the Fells Welcome Kiosk.  To register or for additional

                                     information, call (603) 763-4789, Ext 3.  


      June 21, ...........  Exploring the Hogback - Wander the clearings and forests of Hogback Mountain with Marlboro

                                    biologist Bob Engel, looking for songbirds and other curiosities. Meet at the Alpen Glo parking lot

                                    on Route 9 atop Hogback Mountain at 8 AM.  Southeastern Vermont Audubon program.


      June 24, ...........  ESI - The Art and Science of Nature Journals - Session IV - 10 AM to noon. The Harris Center


      June 28-29, .....  Gilsum Rock Swap and Mineral Show - The 50th annual show will be held rain or shine on the

                                    fields  of the Gilsum Elementary School, Route 10 in Gilsum, 8 AM to 6 PM on  Saturday the 28th and

                                    8 AM to 4 PM on Sunday the 29th. Dealers, collectors and natural history enthusiasts from all over the 

                                    region congregate to enjoy the booths of over 65 dealers, swappers and NH rock and mineral collectors.

                                    The Gilsum region's many mines operated until the 1940s and produced minerals such as Mica , Feldspar

                                    and Beryl.  Today, mineral collectors prize specimens from this area. Attendees can purchase or swap 

                                    mineral or rock specimens, precious gems, jewelry, and a bewildering variety of geologically related 

                                    items.  A wide variety of interesting activities for the entire family. Well worth a visit on one or both days.

                                    For additional information  (http://www.gilsum.org/rockswap/about-the-show).  Listing this event each 

                                    June reminds me to mention New Hampshire mineral collector Tom Mortimer's website of the most

                                    extensive collections of NH minerals anywhere.  Well worth taking a few minutes to view this amazing

                                    collection at Tom's website  (http://mindatnh.org/)







                                .......    Harris Center for Conservation Education.   Education, school programs, land

                                            and wildlife preservation, programs, hiking, weekend events.  Open year round.

                                            Mon.-Fri.  83 Kings Highway, Hancock, NH 03449.    www.Harris.org


                                 .......    New Hampshire Audubon Society.  A statewide organization, dedicated to

                                            the conservation of wildlife habitat . Programs in wildlife conservation,

                                            land protection, environmental policy, and environmental education.

                                            84 Silk Farm Road, Concord, NH.  www.nhaudubon.org


                                  .......  The Nature Conservancy.  A leading conservation organization working to protect

                                            ecologically important lands and waters in New Hampshire.  22 Bridge St., Concord,

                                            NH 03301  www.nature.org


                                   .......  Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests.  A leading statewide

                                            land conservation organization dedicated to protecting the state's most important

                                            landscapes while promoting  wise use of its renewable natural resources. www.spnhf.org


                                   ........ Monadnock Conservancy.  The Monadnock Conservancy's mission is to work with

                                            communities and landowners to conserve the natural resources, wild and working lands,

                                            rural character and scenic beauty of the Monadnock region.  Visit their website:                                        



                                   ........ New Hampshire Fish and Game Department.  Conserves, manages and protects

                                            New Hampshire's fish, wildlife, and marine resources. www.WildNH.com


                                    ....... Friends of Pisgah - A volunteer organization dedicated to assisting in the preservation

                                            of Pisgah State Park located in southwestern Cheshire County. The organization has been

                                            involved in the development and maintenance of the park's trail system for many years.

                                            www.friendsofpisgah.org/  or  (http://www.chesterfieldoutdoors.com/)


                                    ........Friends of the Wapack - an independent, non-profit organization composed of hikers,

                                            volunteers, and landowners dedicated to the preservation of the 21 mile long trail from Mt.

                                            Watatic in northern Mass. to North Pack here in New Hampshire. 



                                   ........ Brattleboro Outing Club - The BOC offers an opportunity to participate in year-round

                                            outdoor activities including kayaking, canoe trips and cross country skiing. For additional

                                             information: (http://brattleborooutingclub.org)


                                   ........ Keene Mineral Club - Founded in 1948 the Keene Mineral Club is an active group of

                                            collectors of 100 or so members whose interests cover the full spectrum of mineral related

                                            topics: crystals, minerals, gems, lapidary, micromounts, fossils and more.  The club holds

                                            regular monthly meetings, publishes an award winning newsletter and sponsors frequent

                                            local and regional field trips.  Membership is encouraged for all ages and levels of interest.



                                   ....... Keene Amateur Astronomers Club -  Founded in 1957, the club has a goal of enhancement

                                            of Amateur Astronomy through fellowship, sharing knowledge and enjoyment of the hobby. The

                                            KAA holds monthly meetings, provides outreach programs, and holds regular viewing sessions

                                            at their own observatory. Membership is open to students, parents, beginners, backyard

                                            amateurs and experienced professionals. Meetings and observing sessions are open to all.








                           .........  Bringing Nature Home: How to Sustain Wildlife with Native Plants - Douglas W.

                                      Tallamy.  Here is a recently updated and expanded edition of Tallamy's 2007 contribution to

                                      our understanding of the ecological interactions between plants and wildlife. An essential

                                      guide for anyone interested in increasing biodiversity in the garden and around the home.

                                      Provides the rationale behind our use of native plants and a powerful and compelling

                                      illustration of how the choices we make as gardeners can profoundly impact the diversity 

                                      life in our yards, towns and on our planet.  


                            .........  Out on a Limb: What Black Bears have Taught Me About Intelligence and Intuition

                               - Benjamin Kilham.  "Out on a Limb is a brilliant revelation about black bears and a paean to

                                       human potential. After decades spent caring for orphan bears and releasing them into the

                                       wild, Ben Kilham, a dyslexic animal lover, has now summarized what he has learned about

                                       their rich social complexity and humanlike intentionality. The result is to turn a supposedly

                                       familiar species into a creature of unsuspected acuity. Part science, part intuition, this

                                       enticing natural history is a provocative argument about animal minds, and an intimate

                                       celebration of life in the New Hampshire woods." ... Richard Wrangham 

                                           For some additional Information on the book and Benjamin Kilham's background and regional

                                       speaking schedule:  http://www.chelseagreen.com/bookstore/item/out_on_a_limb:hardcover


                             .......... Northern Woodlands Magazine - A quarterly magazine devoted to advancing forest

                                        stewardship in the northeast, and to increase the understanding of, and appreciation for, 

                                        the natural wonders,  economic productivity,  and ecological integrity of the region's forests.

                                        It always contain excellent natural history articles by prominent regional and national authors.

                                        Worth the subscription price alone for Virginia Barlow's Seasonal Natural History Calendar

                                        and her frequent articles. John Harrigan,  NH's iconic north country author, speaker,  weekly 

                                        columnist for the Union Leader and numerous regional publications, once said "If I had to dump

                                        all but one of my periodical subscriptions, and that's plenty,  the survivor would be  Northern                                                                                        

                                        Woodlands. I'd put Northern Woodlands on the must-read list for anyone who lives, works in,

                                        cares about, or just visits New England. It has become the magazine I can simply cannot do

                                        without."  (www.northernwoodlands.org)                                     


                               ........ New Hampshire Wildlife Journal - Published bi-monthly by the New Hampshire Fish and

                                        Game Department.  Dedicated to creating an awareness and appreciation for the state's fish and

                                        wildlife and the habitats upon which they depend.  Always contains interesting and informative

                                        articles on regional flora and fauna and environmental issues. (www.WildNH.com)


                               ......... Forest Notes - The quarterly magazine of the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire

                                         Forests. The magazine includes selections dealing with Society properties, events, land  

                                         acquisition projects and frequently features articles on regional natural history.  Subscription is

                                         available with Society membership. Regularly features Dave Anderson's Natures View column.

                                         Dave, SPNHF's Director of Education and Volunteer Services,  is a long time forest and wildlife

                                         naturalist, group field leader and is known for his prominence in regional land conservation and

                                         forest stewardship initiatives. Worth the price of membership for his essays alone. Information

                                         at:  (http://www.forestsociety.org/news/forest-notes.asp)


                                ........ Afield - New Hampshire Audubon's quarterly program and events guide.  The publication 

                                         features articles, programs, and activities offered at all of New Hampshire Audubon's centers

                                         and regional chapters throughout the state. The current issue and back issues are available at:



                                ........  Outdoor Guide - Antrim,and Bennington, New Hampshire -  The second edition of this 64 

                                          page guide has recently been made available through towns halls, libraries and a wide variety of

                                          business outlets throughout the northern Cheshire County region.  A wonderful resource, it contains a

                                          wealth of information on key nature destinations in the region, including hiking and biking trails,

                                          canoeing and kayaking opportunities, and a wide variety of other nature related activities. Also

                                          available at www.ablions.org                           







                         ..........  NOAA National Weather Service Website - The NOAA Weather service website is by far the

                                     most detailed and informative source of local and regional weather information. Almost all of the

                                     other online weather websites and media outlets get their basic information from this source. See

                                      the January 2011 MNA for a more detailed description of some of the features of this useful

                                      website. (http://www.noaa.gov)


                          ..........  Latitude and Longitude - To determine the exact Latitude and Longitude of a specific location,

                                      visit the website (http://itouchmap.com/latlong.html). For a more detailed description of the

                                      information available on this website, see the January 2011 MNA.


                           .......... Topographic Maps - Free,  New Hampshire topographic maps are available for viewing or

                                       download by the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department.  (www.wildnh.com/maps)


                   .........  The New Hampshire Birding List - A website providing daily reports of sightings and

                                       comments from birdwatchers all over the state, with regular posts from the Monadnock regions

                                       top birders.  (http://birdingonthe.net/mailinglists/NHBD.html)


                           .........  New Hampshire Mountain Lions - John Ranta of Hancock, NH maintains a running blog which

                                      shares information on mountain lions in New Hampshire and reports sightings in the granite state.



                           .........   Rare Bird Alert - New Hampshire - A weekly listing of rare bird sightings throughout the

                                       state. Compiled each week by Mark Suomala.  The RBA is available in each Friday's edition of

                                       the Union Leader newspaper, as a phone recording (603) 224-9909, or from the New Hampshire  

                                       Audubon's website:  (http://www.nhaudubon.org/birding/rare-bird-alerts)


                            .........  New Hampshire Lightning Detection/Tracking System  -  This site provides a real-time

                                       radar map of lightning strikes occurring in the northeastern states. The map is refreshed every 

                                        5 minutes. The site also provides a wealth of other useful and interesting meteorological 

                                        information.  (http://www.nhweatherdata.com/lightning.html)


                             .........  Heavens Above -  A treasure trove of observational astronomy information. After registering

                                        and inputting your latitude and longitude, the site provides you with exact times, locations, and

                                        magnitudes of various satellites visible at your location. (http://www.heavens-above.com/)


                             .......... Google Earth - a free program which allows the viewer to travel anywhere on earth and view

                                        aerial and satellite imagery from great elevations to street level.  Many locations provide three

                                        dimensional, 360 degree opportunities for viewing. A must for the regional naturalist to view

                                        natural areas and to preview hiking trails, etc. (http://www.google.com/earth/index.html)


                             ........... Spaceweather.com - A worthwhile site for all sorts of astronomy related information,

                                         including auroral displays and alerts, solar activity (sunspots, flares, etc), planetary Info.,

                                         meteor showers. The site provides a sign-up option for a free e-mail Spaceweather Alert

                                         when something significant is occurring. (http://www.spaceweather.com/


                        ...........The Old Farmer's Almanac - Another general reference site for  regional weather, birding,

                                         fishing, astronomy and outdoor information. Provides an excellent table for the rising and setting

                                         times for the sun, moon and planets which may be selected for your particular town or village.



                              .......... Naturally Curious with Mary Holland - Follow the regional natural history scene throughout

                                         the year through the comments, images and insights of one of New England's premier naturalists.

                                         Mary's blog site should be a shortcut on the computer desktop of anyone interested in our natural

                                         world.  (http://naturallycuriouswithmaryholland.wordpress.com/)


                               .......... New Hampshire Mineral Species - This site is dedicated to the documentation and confirmation

                                          of New Hampshire mineral species. Developed and maintained by Tom Mortimer, the site contains a

                                          listing of 293 New Hampshire species with images of 259 of these species. The vast majority of the

                                          over 1100 images on the site are thumbnail and micromount sized specimen images were taken by

                                          Tom. (http://mindatnh.org)


                               ..........  Antrim - Bennington Outdoor Guide - A wonderful resource for outdoor locations and activities

                                           in the region (http://www.antrimnh.org/Pages/AntrimNH_WebDocs/Outdoor_Guide.pdf)


                               ..........  New Hampshire Garden Solutions: Exploring Nature in New Hampshire  - A general

                                           interest blog maintained by Allen Norcross in Swanzey. Always interesting and informative. Well

                                           worth a regular visit to read Allen's comments on regional natural history and his wonderful

                                           photography (http://nhgardensolutions.wordpress.com/)





                  The Monadnock Nature Almanac is compiled and edited by Chuck Schmidt, Hancock, NH.  To share your

             observations or subscribe (or unsubscribe) to the free e-mail, contact brimstone108@myfairpoint.net .   Please

             note, the MNA is formatted to display on a full screen computer e-mail window. All e-mail addresses are secured

             and held completely confidential.  Past  issues of the Monadnock Nature Almanac (from September 2010) are 

             available upon request.